Polycystic ovarian syndrome: a curse to young women’s

Noopur Srivastava, Shashi Pratap Singh, Anurag Shukla, Kanchan Lata Gupta

Abstract


The endocrine system is the group of glands that secrete hormone directly into the circulatory system moves towards distant target organs and affects them. This system release hormones that help control many important body functions. Dysfunctioning in the endocrine system may develop many disorders like diabetes, thyroid, growth disorders and sexual dysfunction. Poly cystic ovarian syndrome is one of the common endocrine disorder. PCOS is a common condition that causes a range of symptoms including irregular periods, unwanted hair growth, acne and weight problems. Increased circulating levels of testosterone can be considered as the major cause of development of polycystic ovarian syndrome. It is a male hormone, but women’s bodies make it too. Higher than normal testosterone level, makes women to experience PCOS. The physicians target on regular menstruation. In order to maintain the regular periods physicians basically administer Estrogen and Progesterone injection. Metformin is used during PCOS to treat insulin resistance developed in those women. Insulin resistance means that their bodies do not respond well to the hormone insulin that controls blood sugar levels. This causes blood sugar level to rise and this may lead to greater production of testosterone. Corticosteroids, vitamins, contraceptives pills are also prescribed for symptomatic treatment of PCOS. Changing of lifestyles may greatly help in management of poly cystic ovarian disorder. Regular exercise and weight management is the key for complete treatment of PCOS. This review contains all the information regarding PCOS.


Keywords


Polycystic ovarian syndrome, Insulin sensitivity, Excess androgen production, Obesity, Hirustism, Acne, Infertility

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26510/2394-0859.pbe.2018.03

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