Design and characterization of metoprolol floating matrix tablet

Vasudha Bakshi, Swapna S., Deepa Kumari Choudhary, Ch. Revanth, B. Sai KumarCh. Praveen, Ch. Praveen


Objective: The objective of the present research was to develop a matrix embedded floating tablet of Metoprolol for the sustained activity and prolongation of gastric residence time to improve the bioavailability of the drug. Metoprolol was chosen as a model drug because it is better absorbed in the stomach than the lower gastro intestinal tract.

Methods: The experimental work was divided into pre-formulation studies, formulation development, and evaluation. Standardization of drug and excipients confirmed the authentication of the samples. Floating test were conducted for all formulations, In vitro dissolution studies were carried out in a dissolution testing apparatus-II, FTIR study was performed to interpret the drug ,excipient interaction.

Results: Floating tests were also performed for 15 formulations and among them five formulations have passed the floating tests (F1, F3, F5, F7, and F14). The In-vitro release kinetics study of this tablet indicated sustained release for Metoprolol and followed zero order release and 95% drug in 8 h in vitro. The drug release profile of formulated product was compared with marketed product Metolar. The floating tablets extended the drug release up to 8 hours. The drug-polymer interaction was evaluated by fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR).

Conclusions: F3 formulation showed the best floating results. The comparative study between F3 and Metolar (Marketed Product) showed the similar in vitro drug release profile. Thus, the optimzed formulation F-3 can be successfully used for the management of hypertension.


Matrix Tablet, Lag time, Metoprolol, Metolar

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