Role of community pharmacist in self medication

C.S. Manju, Ihjaz Pichan, Jemsheena P. M.


Objective: This study was planned to assess the role and involvement of community pharmacists in self-medication

Methods: The study was designed as a cross sectional observational study at randomly selected community pharmacies in Kozhikode city, Kerala, India for a period of 6 months. Pharmacists working in community pharmacies with minimum experience of 6 months were enrolled in the study. This study assessed pharmacist involvement in self-medication. A total of 104 community pharmacists were enrolled into this study. Questionnaire designed for the purpose given to Community pharmacist and conducted direct interview.

Results: Among the 104 community pharmacists enrolled in the study, 83.65% are giving over the counter medicines to the customer without doctor’s prescription, for self-care with adequate information. No pharmacist is supplying prescription drugs without valid prescriptions. No patient is experiencing serious self-medication related problems According to the participant pharmacists, most of the patients are buying medicines by disease name. Usually the selection of medicine is done by pharmacists. Main diseases for  which pharmacist give medicine without prescription include fever, headache, GI problems, cold & cough, pains and minor wounds. Most of the customers are taking other medication with doctor’s advice, so it is important for a pharmacist to ask customers about other medicines and chose the correct medicine for their illness to avoid complications.

Conclusions: Taking medicine without prescription is not at all a good decision, but in case of   minor illness, previously occurred illness, lack of time and non-availability of doctor people will go for self-medication. In such circumstances people should be well informed about the medicine they are going to take to avoid complications.



Pharmacist, Self-medication, Over the counter drugs, prescription drugs, Community pharmacy

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